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FAQ'S & FACTS
‘MOTHER’- “A Support Group For Patients, Physicians and Public”
 
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Anyone can be a donor of any age under medical suitability- However the children below 18 years of age have to obtain consent of their parents/ guardian. However active cancer, active HIV, active infection or patients with intravenous -IV drug use, and patients with Psychiatric disorder are some of the contra indications. Patients with Hepatitis C or B virus may donate to the similar recipients. Even cancer patients can donate cornea. He can donate skin also if he is not a skin Cancer patient.


Ans- Just sign the donor card and carry the same along with you every time. The main purpose of the card is to express your wishes to your family members that you would like to donate your organ/ tissues after your death.


Ans- No , Buying or selling of organs is forbidden by law.

Ans- No, all the expenses for retrieval of the organ will be borne by the hospital /recipient


Ans- Blood, bone marrow, kidney & portion of liver, lungs and pancreas
Ans- Cornea, heart valves, skin and fascia, bones and tendons , cartilage and veins and arteries. However brain can be preserved only for research work.
Ans- Kidney, liver, lungs , pancreas, small intestine, voice box or larynx, hands, fingers, toes, uterus, ovary, face, middle ear, bones and tendons, skin and fascia, cartilage, vein , arteries and nerves.
Ans- As per the act the donations are three types,
i) Living related,
ii) Living unrelated and
iii) Cadaveric (after death). However the relationship has been limited to only parents, own brother and sister, spouse and grandparents. Beyond this all else will be treated as unrelated.
 
9. What is the time limit of harvesting the organs ?
Ans- Cornea and skin can be harvested within & up to six hours of death. This can be done even from the place of death. Other organs have to be retrieved in the hospital within 1/2 hour to 1 hour after declaration of death.
10. Will the organ removal change the appearance of the body?
Ans- No, the harvesting is done with utmost care and respect for the body of the donor by way of a six inches linear incision on the abdomen.
11. Will the medical care be affected, once it is known that I am a donor ? (This question raises fear in the minds of many).
Ans- No, No, - Organ donation is not even considered without exhausting all the possible mode of treatment including surgery to save the life of the donor first. The Doctors involved in treating the patients are different from the medical team involved in deciding the retrieval of the organ.
12. My religion has to approve of the donation ?
Ans- Every religion promotes goodness, kindness and charity. There cannot be a greater act of charity than saving the life of another person by way of donating organ. One donor can give life to many patients.( Remember, once the soul is away, your body is of no use to anyone. It can only be donated to a medical college or destroyed by way of cremation or burial).
13. IS IT POSSIBLE TO HAVE TRANSPLANTATION IF THE BLOOD GROUP OF DONOR AND THE PROSPECTIVE RECIPIENT IS DIFFERENT ?
Ans- Yes, incase of Kidney and Liver. In that case the surgical cost of transplantation will be nearly 3 times , and the facilities are available only at limited places like AIIMS Delhi,Medanta, Medicity and Hyderabad and Chennai.
14. How long the harvested organ can be preserved ?
Organ/Tissue Time within which it should be Transplanted. cost of preservation
Cornea 4-15 days For four days -Rs. 1000/-
For 15 days - Rs. 10000/
Kidney 36 hours Rs. 30000/
Liver 12 hours  
Heart 3-4 hours  

• However at AIIMS, New Delhi , the only Hospital in the Country having Organ Retrieval and Banking Organization (ORBO), Kidney can be preserved upto 5 days
Defining Death: Most people think of death as occurring when the heart stops beating. This is called cardiac death. However, death can also occur when the brain stops functioning . This is called Brain Death. The way a person dies will influence which organs and tissues can be donated.
What is cardiac death?
The three things happen when cardiac death occurs.
1. The heart stops beating and cannot be restarted.
2. The person stops breathing.
3. The brain then stops functioning because it has been starved of oxygen.
The person is dead. He or she cannot recover. People who die in this way can donate tissues such as heart valves, bones, corneas and skin.
What is brain death?
The same things occur when a person is brain dead but in a different order.
1. The brain stops functioning because it is deprived of oxygen (as a result of injury and/or swelling).

2. Breathing stops because the brain is dead.

3. Finally the heart stops beating.
The person is dead. He or she cannot recover.
To be able to donate organs such as heart, lungs , liver, kidneys and pancreas, a person must be brain dead, on a ventilator, (artificial breathing machine ) and in hospital. Without continuous supply of oxygen from the ventilator , these organs would not be suitable for transplantation .
An explanation of brain death.
Some people are hospitalized with brain injuries for illnesses that can result in brain death. Some injuries include bleeding into the brain, accidents, infections or brain tumours. Brain death occurs when the brain has been so badly damaged that blood and oxygen cannot reach it and the brain death is irreversible. Someone who is brain dead and who remains on a ventilator will continue to look as if he or she is still breathing because the ventilator is artificially pushing air in the lungs. The heart will also continue to beat because oxygen is being supplied to the heart. However, the heart and other organs will eventually stop working regardless of medical Intervention, immediately after the removal of the ventilator.


For the benefit of the entire society, sometimes we make selfless sacrifices like donating our time, energy and money. By this sometimes unitentionally we put our family members into inconvenience. But by donating organs after our death, we don’t cause inconvenience to anybody, rather save a few lives.